Read Sisyphose müüt (Loomingu Raamatukogu, #51-52/1972) by Albert Camus Free Online

Ebook Sisyphose müüt (Loomingu Raamatukogu, #51-52/1972) by Albert Camus read! Book Title: Sisyphose müüt (Loomingu Raamatukogu, #51-52/1972)
Edition: Perioodika
Date of issue: 1972
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The author of the book: Albert Camus
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 5.55 MB

Read full description of the books Sisyphose müüt (Loomingu Raamatukogu, #51-52/1972):

چگونه می‌توان از پوچی لذت برد؟ تا زمانی‌که کسی فالوده‌ی شیرازی می‌خورد، این مساله وجود دارد.

پوچی از نظر کامو چیست؟ یک زندگی کاملا یکنواخت، بدون هدف و مقصود، بدون معنا، بدون خلاقیت و تغییر، بدون پیشرفت و توام با یاس و ناامیدی.

سوال اصلی این کتاب چیست؟ این است که آیا بعد از درک این پوچی باید خودکشی کنیم؟

پاسخ کامو چیست؟ او می‌گوید پوچی نباید انسان را به خودکشی سوق دهد. پوچی نقطه‌ی آغاز است نه پایان. انسان بعد از درک پوچی، باید با اشتیاق، دست به عصیان بزند. اشتیاق چیست؟ همان میل وافر به تجربه. منظور از عصیان چیست؟ کامو می‌گوید عصیان، یعنی عدم سازش‌پذیری، یعنی شوریدن علیه فریب‌های اجتماعی. پوچی، انسان را به آگاهی از این نکته می‌رساند که خود، خدای خویش است.

کامو چه می‌گوید؟می‌گوید نه انسان، پوچ است و نه جهان، بلکه پوچی مربوط به رابطه‌ی انسان با جهان است. او می‌خواهد انسان را با نادانی مخصوص به خودش، در یک مواجهه‌ی دائمی قرار دهد و اندیشه را به مرزهایش برساند. این تلقین، مقدمه‌ی یک عصیان است که به آزادی در معنای ناب خود منجر می‌شود.

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Ebook Sisyphose müüt (Loomingu Raamatukogu, #51-52/1972) read Online! Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Of semi-proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy (only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field), he came to France at the age of twenty-five. The man and the times met: Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time; in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright (e.g., Caligula, 1944). He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun. His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L'Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose "collective creation" Révolte dans les Asturies (1934) was banned for political reasons.

The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Myth of Sisyphus), 1942, expounds Camus's notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with "the total absence of hope, which has nothing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which must not be confused with renouncement - and a conscious dissatisfaction". Meursault, central character of L'Étranger (The Stranger), 1942, illustrates much of this essay: man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later - when the young killer faces execution - tempted by despair, hope, and salvation. Dr. Rieux of La Peste (The Plague), 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus's words: "We refuse to despair of mankind. Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still want to serve them". Other well-known works of Camus are La Chute (The Fall), 1956, and L'Exil et le royaume (Exile and the Kingdom), 1957. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art. He was a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.

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